Monday, December 6, 2010

The verb (be) الفعل يكون

ترجمة و شرح الدرس اسفل الفيديو


 The verb (be) in present and past tense
استخدام الفعل يكون في زمن المضارع و زمن الماضي
every day - now هناك كلمات تدل علي المضارع مثل
Present (singular)
am - is - are
I am you teacher  انا اكون مدرسكم
I am a teacher  انا اكون مدرس
you are هو يكون
He is   هو يكون
She is هي تكون
It is هو او هي لغير العاقل
Plural  الجمع في المضارع
are
We are نحن نكون
You are هما - هم - هن يكونوا
They are  هم يكونوا
Past (singular)  الماضي المفرد
was - were
I was انا كنت
You were انت كنت 
He was   هو كان
She was   هي كانت 
It was هو و هي لغير العاقل
Plural  حالة الجمع في الماضي
We were  نحن كنا
You were انتما - انتم   كنتم
They were هما - هم   كانوا
من الكلمات الدالة علي الماضي
yesterday  الامس
last week الاسبوع الماضي
2003
Negative for the verb (be)-----  (not-n't)
للنفي  not - n't  نستخدم
I am not a teacher


انا لست مدرسا


*****
الجداول الاتية توضح استخدامات الفعل يكون في الماضي و الحاضر - في الاثبات و النفي - كذلك الصيغة العادية له و الصيغة المختصرة
To be simple present


Positive Statement Negative Statement
Long form Short form Long form Short form
I am I'm I am not I'm not
He is He's He is not He isn't or He's not
She is She's She is not She isn't or She's not
It is It's It is not It isn't or It's not
You are You're You are not You aren't or You're not
We are We're We are not We aren't or We're not
They are They're They are not They're not
To be - Simple Past Form
Positive Statement Negative Statement
Long form Short form Long form Short form
I was
---
I was not I wasn't
He was He was not He wasn't
She was She was not She wasn't
It was It was not It wasn't
You were You were not You weren't
We were We were not We weren't
They were They were not They weren't